The Night Watch, Rembrandt: Analysis, Meaning 1 966 Раздел в процессе наполнения и корректировки
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The Night Watch by Rembrandt Interpretation of Dutch Baroque Militia Company Group Portrait MAIN A-Z INDEX
The Night Watch (detail) By Rembrandt.Regarded as one of theGreatest Paintings Ever.
Contents • Description • Interpretation/Meaning of The Night Watch • Other Paintings by Rembrandt
Description Artist : Rembrandt (1606-69) Medium : Oil painting Genre : Portrait art Movement : Dutch Baroque Location : Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
For the meaning of other masterpieces, see: Famous Paintings Analyzed.
Art AppreciationTo evaluate paintings byDutch Baroque artistslike Rembrandt, seeour educational essays:Art Evaluation and also:How to Appreciate Paintings.
One of the greatest portrait paintings of the 17th century Dutch Baroque era, The Night Watch was executed by Rembrandt at the height of his career in Amsterdam. Originally called The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch, it is a group portrait of a militia company, commissioned and paid for by the members concerned, and was intended for the Great Room of the Kloveniersdoelen (the Musketeers Assembly Hall). It was given its popular but misleading title in the late 18th-century, based on the false assumption that it depicted a nocturnal scene. In fact, its subdued lighting was caused by the premature darkening of its multi-layered varnish. The picture was a huge success at the time, not least because it turns a fairly humdrum subject into a dynamic work of art. Unlike other Baroque portraits of militia companies, which traditionally portrayed members lined up in neat rows or sitting at a banquet, Rembrandt’s painting shows the company fully equipped, ready for action, and about to march. The full title of the portrait, as recorded in the family album of Captain Banning Cocq, runs: "Captain Heer van Purmerlandt (Banning Cocq) orders his lieutenant, the Heer van laerderdingen (Willem van Ruytenburch), to march the company out." Marked by Rembrandt’s signature chiaroscuro and dramatic tenebrism, the work is among the most famous examples of 17th century Dutch painting. It hung in the Kloveniersdoelen in Amsterdam until 1715 when it was moved to the Town Hall; in 1808 it was transferred to the Rijksmuseum.
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