Jackson Pollock: Abstract Expressionist Painter, Action Painting 4 150Раздел в процессе наполнения и корректировки
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Jackson PollockBiography, Drip-Paintings Of Abstract Expressionist Inventor of ’Action-Painting’. MAIN A-Z INDEX – A-Z of ARTISTS
Pollock, photographedaction-painting, was one ofthe great abstract painters, of the 20th century, and theleading American exponentof avant-garde art in the 50s.
ContentsIntroduction • Early Days, New York Training • Early Contacts: Lee Krasner, Peggy Guggenheim • Influence of Surrealism • Pollock’s Technique of Action Painting • Surrealist Automatism • International Fame • Last Years • Reputation As an Artist • Retrospectives, Collections • Pollock’s Greatest Paintings • Article: Jackson Pollock The Artist
For analysis of works by Abstract Expressionists like Jackson Pollock, see: Analysis of Modern Paintings (1800-2000).
The She-Wolf (1943) Museum of Modern Art, New York.For other gesturalist works similar, to those produced by Pollock, see:Greatest 20th-Century Paintings.
Introduction An influential member of the New York School of Abstract Expressionism, and one of the most influential figures in American art, Jackson Pollock was the founder of the innovative painting technique, known as Action Painting. This method of making abstract art involved dripping and smearing the paint onto the canvas in dramatic sweeping gestures. Pollock would pour and fling the paint, using sticks and knives, onto an unstretched canvas which had been tacked to a hard wall or floor. This enabled him to walk around the painting and become part of the painting process. This avant-garde approach – vividly captured by Hans Namuth in his photos of the artist at work in his studio – both fascinated and appalled the art critics and earned him the nickname "Jack The Dripper." By rejecting the use of an easel and other more traditional painting techniques, he carved out a unique niche for himself in post-war abstract expressionist painting. Fellow artist Lee Krasner (1908-84) (later his wife) was a central influence in Pollock’s artistic life. Now fully appreciated for their originality, Jackson Pollock’s paintings are seen by some critics as the most revolutionary pictures of the mid-twentieth century.
Lavender Mist (Number 1) (1950) National Gallery, Washington DC.An entrancing example of Pollock’sall-over style of gestural painting, which treats all areas of the canvasequally, rejecting all conventionalpoints of reference or focus.
Blue Poles (1952) By Jackson Pollock.National Gallery of Australia.
BEST ABSTRACT ARTFor a guide to geometric andorganic abstraction, see:Abstract Paintings: Top 100.
Another key person was Peggy Guggenheim, a wealthy art collector who was to become one of Pollock’s early supporters and promoters of his work. Pollock is best known for masterpieces like: One (Number 31) (1950) Museum of Modern Art, New York; Autumn Rhythm (Number 30) (1950) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Lavender Mist (Number 1) (1950) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC; Blue Poles (No.11) (1952) National Gallery of Australia; Out of the Web (Number 7) (1949) Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart; Convergence (1952) Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York; Lucifer (1947) San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Eyes in the Heat (1946) Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice; Orze (1950, MoMA, New York); and Arabesque Number 13 (1948, New York, R.B. Bahr Collection) . In 2006, according to a report in the New York Times, his painting No 5 (1948) was sold privately by media mogul David Geffen for $140 million, making it the most expensive painting in the history of art. Many of his paintings are now available as prints in the form of poster art. For different styles of abstract expressionism, see the Colour Field Painting of Mark Rothko (1903-70), Clyfford Still (1904-80) and Barnett Newman (1905-70) – see in particular Mark Rothko’s paintings – and the gesturalism of Willem de Kooning (1904-97).
WORLDS TOP ARTISTSBest Artists of All Time.
Early Days, New York Training The fifth son of a peripatetic farming family, Pollock was frequently on the move in his youth because of the failure of his father’s enterprises. The family eventually settled in 1924 at Riverside, a town near Los Angeles. Here Pollock attended school for a time, before moving into the growing city in 1928, where he began to study art and to associate with artists. In 1929 he moved to New York to join an older brother, Charles, already an art student, and enrolled at the Art Students League in a course given by Thomas Hart Benton (1889-1975). He became interested at this period in the mural work of the Mexican painters Diego Rivera (1886-1957), Jose Clemente Orozco (1883-1949), and David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974). Pollock’s friendship with Benton remained close even after he ceased to study with him: not so much because of Benton’s rural American subject matter, but due to his rhythmic use of paint and his independent attitude as an artist.