Early Renaissance Artists, Italy 1 409 Раздел в процессе наполнения и корректировки
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Early Renaissance ArtistsItalian Painters and Sculptors of the 15th Century. MAIN A-Z INDEX – A-Z of the RENAISSANCE
Equestrian Monument of BartolommeoColleoni (c.1483-88) Venice.By Andrea del Verrocchio.
Louis III Duke of Mantua (1471-74) Palazzo Ducale, Mantua. (1490) by Mantegna.
Contents • Introduction • A-Z LIST OF EARLY RENAISSANCE ARTISTS • The Greatest Paintings of the Early Renaissance
Introduction Up until about 1300, European painting, sculpture and architecture were dominated by forms of Gothic art, which drew much of its inspiration from Byzantine art of the Eastern Roman Empire. Then, during the early years of the 14th century – the era of Italian Pre-Renaissance Painting (1300-1400) and the Sienese School – the Florentine painter Giotto (1267-1337) caused a sensation with his Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel Frescoes (1303-10). A pupil of Cimabue, Giotto was the first artist to reject the flat Gothic style of painting, and to give his figures depth and character. Giotto’s new style ushered in what we now call Proto-Renaissance art – a stepping stone to Renaissance art proper.
The Italian Renaissance proper emerged during the quattrocento (1400-1500). Its first phase is called the Early Renaissance, or the Florentine Renaissance, because it was centred on Florence. Early Renaissance painting continued to be influenced by Gothic forms as well as the revolutionary ideas of Giotto, but new techniques developed in Florence soon gave Renaissance art a new and wholly distinctive character.
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